Andrew Carnegie was an American businessman and philanthropist born in Scotland. Founder of Carnegie Mellon University, Carnegie spent his last years as a philanthropist. From 1901 onwards, he became more interested in nurturing that altruistic spirit that fueled his philanthropic projects. Known for being generous, Andrew Carnegie helped in the build-up of around 2800 libraries in the United States alone, followed by hundreds of museums, concert halls, educational institutions, and palaces. In the last years of the 19th century, he wrote the book The Gospel of Wealth, where he defended excess wealth as a trust fund to be administered for the benefit of the community. He married Louise Whitfield in 1887, making her sign a prenuptial agreement, according to which most of his wealth will be donated and assigned for educational and charitable proposals. It is estimated that he is one of the wealthiest people ever to set foot on this planet, racking up a staggering net-worth of over $372 billion of today's money.
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